There really isn’t any dog breed that you can point out and say that one has a lot of health problems. Sure, there are some that are more prone to certain health conditions than others, but that is perfectly normal and as long as you know what to look for and what to avoid it shouldn’t be a major issue in the dog’s life with your family.
Rottweilers themselves are normally very health dogs, they are very strong and know how to take care of themselves and are naturally very resistant to various diseases and bone problems. However one of the most common negative health effects found in the Rotti breed is hip dysplasia, which is a genetic deformity that causes the hip socket to not properly align with the head of the femur.
Hip Dysplasia can be extremely painful for the dog and requires a hip replacement surgery that can cost a few thousand dollars. Even with a successful surgery, the Hip Dysplasia can cause negative side effects throughout the dog’s life, and eventually the dog may develop a form of arthritis in its old age. This shouldn’t defer anyone from getting a Rottweiler however, because with the proper precautions you can greatly reduce the risk of your dog becoming a victim to Hip Dysplasia.
Give your Rotti adequate physical exercise, make sure they are eating food that is designed to help develop and strengthen bone growth, and try to help your dog avoid any situation where he may hurt his legs from jumping off of a platform or things like that.
The second most common thing seen in Rottweilers health that should be looked out for is PRA, or Progressive Retinal Atrophy. This is essentially one or more eye problems like eyelid deformity or loss of sight, either completely or partially in one or both eyes. It is suggested that owners of the Rotti breed have their dogs examined annually in order to avoid any potential eye problems that may be surfacing.
One more thing to keep an eye on is sub-aortic stenosis (SAS), which causes the path that carries blood from the heart of the Rotti to become narrow and make this process harder on the dog. It will show up as a slight heart murmur and should be treated immediately as it can cause death, though this is slightly more uncommon than the other two problems.